ISO 15243 PDF

INTERNATIONAL ISO STANDARD First edition Rolling bearings — Damage and failures — Terms, characteristics and causes Roulements. Failure mode ISO Subsurface initiated fatigue. Is this normal Fatigue Failure, how many of you get to see a bearing actually fail. ribo lo gy, the Science fo r Maintenance. Fatigue on Inner Race. Ref.: ISO Rolling Bearings – Damages and Failures – Terms, Characteristics and Causes.

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Scratches and slight indication of fretting corrosion are visible. Running path pattern varying in width and in two diametrically opposed sections, displaced diagonally in relation to each other. Consideration is restricted to characteristic forms of change in appearance and failure, which have a well-defined appearance and which can be attributed to particular causes with a high degree of certainty.

Remember me on this computer. The initiation of the microcracks is often caused by inclusions in the bearing steel see Figure 2. In downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe’s licensing policy.

ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Observe utmost cleanliness during ido. The size and shape of the indentations depend on the nature of the particles.

However, it is not always easy to distinguish between causes and characteristics symptoms or, in other words, between failure mechanisms and failure modes.

Tool blows applied against hardened rolling bearing part causing metal removal. The various forms are illustrated with photographs and diagrams, and the most frequent causes are indicated. The damage is circumferential scratches and wear of the contacting surfaces, caused by creeping of the inner ring.

BS ISO 15243:2017

Only remove the bearing from its package just before installation. Check suitability of bearing for the operating conditions. Figure 8 — Smearing on Figure 9 — Smearing of Figure 10 — Smearing on ring raceway surfaces roller end end face ring is also fractured 5.


For the purposes of this document, the following terms are explained: Running path pattern widest in the load direction, tapering towards the ends and positioned in the middle of the raceway. Fracture is the result of a crack propagating to the point of complete separation of a part of the component. Inappropriate handling can 15423 cause overloading and deformation of other 1523 components, e.

Running path pattern widest where the compression has occurred and positioned in two diametrically opposed sections of the raceway. Furthermore, overloading can occur by excessive preloading or due to incorrect handling during mounting see Figure Resultant temperature rise causes reduction of the hardness of the surfaces. False brinelling caused by vibrations occurring during rotation shows itself in closely spaced flutes see Figure Countermeasure Determine minimum required axial load and consider maximum speed specified by the isl.

ISO FALLA EN RODAMIENTOS | Edicson Leonardo Briceño –

Typically this can occur in two different ways: Countermeasure Counter vibrations by taking adequate design and insulation measures. The damage caused by electric current is also distinguishable by the fact that the rolling elements are also marked. The fatigue crack striations are clearly visible in the fractured surface of the cage bar in the enlarged lower image in Figure The raceway often gets a mirror finish. The large number of articles and books written on the subject confirms this see Bibliography.

The classification of bearing failure established in this International Standard is based primarily upon the features visible on rolling element contact surfaces and other functional surfaces. Since more than one process may cause similar effects to these surfaces, a description of appearance alone is occasionally inadequate for determining the reason for the failure. Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation parameters were optimized for printing.


Running path pattern uniform in width, positioned in the middle of the raceway and extending around its entire circumference. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. Eliminate misalignment or select a bearing type suitable to accommodate the misalignment.

The microcracks, which are observed at the edge of the white etched areas butterflieswill normally propagate to the rolling contact surface producing flaking, spalling pitting and then peeling see Figure 3. This results in the flaking, shown as a cross contact pattern in the outer ring raceway. Running path pattern uniform in width, wider than in Figure A. Surface asperities oxidize and are rubbed off and vice versa; powdery rust develops iron oxide.

Fatigue is manifested visibly as a flaking of particles from the surface. The matrix given in Table A. Countermeasure Observe utmost cleanliness during mounting and service. Countermeasure Improve system cleanliness. Countermeasure Verify and apply correct electrical insulation of the bearing.

Check that the quality of the lubricant is adequate and the relubrication interval is correctly specified. Running path pattern in the middle of the raceway, but varying in width and may, or may not, extend around the entire circumference of the raceway. Eroded patches, next to the flutes on Figure 21, indicated by the pencil point, were caused by contact of the cage ribs with the inner ring.